Horde is the story of a guy who is riding his motorcycle at night, when he is surrounded and attacked by other ghoulish looking motorcyclists. He tries to get away as they molest him but ultimately they succeed in causing him to fall from his motorcycle, revealing he has died and joined their ranks at the end.

It’s a great short story. We are introduced to the main character, then the scary others riding up on him from behind. The turning point when they attack him culminating in the climax when he falls from his bike, and finally the end where we see him riding with them. It’s a short reveal, but I think it works really well.

The style is amazing! The 3D characters with some parts looking photo-realistic, while some parts of the characters look 2D is, I think, visually stunning. The lighting really ties it together and makes it come alive. The use of lighting in this film is inspired, as there are few light sources, the red, white and yellow lights, and the way they move and light the characters and the road  in contrast with the dark night makes it really atmospheric.

Production Stills:


The Making of:

BRVTVS is a french directors collective created in 2014 by Thibaud Clergue, Aurélien Duhayon, Sébastien Iglesias and Camille Perrin.

(Camille Perrin might have left the group as he is not mentioned on their Facebook page).

The making of shows how they put together the animation, but it doesn’t go into detail on which programs they used, so will require some further investigation to figure out how to replicate the style..

Horde pre-production designs:






Inspiration Animation

A Variety of Inspiring Animated Films by Various Incredibly Talented Artists


The Arrow by Emilio Yebra

The story is of a hunting mistake which leads one tribesman to attack another, and the look of it is like a folktale or something. The style reminds me of aboriginal art and uses unusual colours to reality which makes it stand out, and fits with the themes of the film.

  • The objects are always shimmering and moving – like it’s hand-drawn maybe, rough around the edges – like a cave painting or something.
  • The style is very simplistic, consisting of simple shapes.
  • When arrows hit things there’s a physical circle that appears to represent the sound and action of it hitting something with force.
  • There is a great close up as we follow an arrow’s flight through the air and colours in the background help to portray the speed of the arrow.
  • When the character beats the warning drum (which sounds like electric guitar) the frames colours change along to the sounds and almost represent the alarm and feel of danger that the character is in.


Dark Mixer by Hirotoshi Iwasaki

This is a really unnerving little animation which utilises sounds to heighten the strange atmosphere of the film.

  • Black and white painted style
  • Always shimmering but movement is still smooth.
  • Sounds – Breathing, Heartbeat. Thudding. They all have a rhythm and beat to them. The wind, animal sounds and growling, tv static and screaming set an unsettling mood where you’re unsure of what will happen – creating suspense. (all still have a sort of rhythm to them).
  • Unsettling imagery is animated – A mans’ face peels off, a man falls forward and disappears, a headless dog rolls around the floor, a dark figure with just its eyes showing.
  • The images are shown to a beat at the end which seems sped up like it’s heading towards a climactic ending and puts you on the edge of your seat.


Again by Nico Gao

A short animation that explores what could end up happening if you couldn’t die. Looking at life as a series of meaningless routines and busywork that the main character is bored of and looks for an escape, even death.

The message at the end shows the main character get away from it all and come back ready to tackle his mundane series of meaningless routines and work with a refreshed attitude.

  • Simplistic shapes and minimalistic style
  • Square world – round organics
  •  The repetitive electronic music accompanies the repetitive story, from repeated routines to repeated attempts to die (or escape).
  • There are moments of no music and just sounds – like crickets or breathing, which highlight the action.


Last Train home by Gerhard Human

  • Heavily stylised animation.
  • Great use of colours and contrast.
  • Shimmering style again!
  • Painted style.



Doodling between the headlines

  • Moves to the music (animation is smooth then jerks to the music, fire grows to the music)
  • Animations are repeated on screen at increments to create visual interest.
  • Painted style – solid colours used.
  • The frame peels back and reveals other scenes and its just mesmerising and mind-boggling! These sort of crescendo at the end and create a visually stunning ending.


Dame mit hund (walk the dog) by Sonja Rohleder

A really clever animation about a woman walking a dog. We see the imprints, like paw prints and footprints, and hear what’s going on and thats it. It’s set on a black background and the imprints are different colours so we can tell them apart and they stand out from each other.

  • Heavily stylised
  • Unique!


Ivans need by Veronica L. Montaño, Manuela Leuenberger and Lukas Suter. (MATURE CONTENT)

About sexual awakening and discovery, the film follows a teenage boy who has an obsession with kneading dough.

  • Interesting popart bright colour palette – Everything is a different unexpected colour
  • Character grown a big head when he shouts
  • Heavily stylised – cool eyes that shimmer.
  • Caricature/cartoony style


60 Seconds of Darkness

A film about a traumatic event, witnessed by people who wanted to help, but ultimately the man was already lost.

  • Muted colour palette
  • Cool shooting animation (when gun is hot it has a slow explosion)
  • Great movements
  • Emotional content – music accompanies to great effect
  • When he dies it uses a black and white animation to show a difference to highlight the seriousness of the scene
  • Snow falling effect over the scene


Jumpy by Anthony Falleroni

A film about a person playing a game and their character in the game. This is about persistence and not giving up, which is necessary when playing games – you get better and better. But this film asks what if you get stuck in a game and can’t progress, do you give up or keep trying? The game character portrays the emotions the gamer must be having, frustration and sadness, but then determination.

  • Pixelated style game world
  • Real world is darker and muted colours – game world is bright and colourful!
  • Different styles for real world and game world.


My Darlings Shadow by Conor Whelan

A film about an abusive relationship ending in murder. The scenes take us through happier times and show us the bad times as well. The cheery music contrasts the dark theme.

  • Painted style – cubism
  • Line work – really strong style
  • Simplified objects – car is just shape and a couple lines, etc.
  • Like the flintstones or something from that era in style

Various Oscar nominated Animations

I have been watching so many short animated films recently to get inspiration for next years final film and wanted to take a closer look at some of them here. They are all Oscar Academy Award nominated animations.


Blind Vaysha – Theodore Ushev

Based on a story by Georgi Gospodinov, the film tells the story of a girl who sees past out of her left eye and the future from her right—and so is unable to live in the present. Montreal actress Caroline Dhavernas performed the narration for the film, in both its French and English language versions.

The visual aesthetic of the animation makes this film immediately stand out, as it is an unusual style for animation, with a replicated lino-cut art style. Theodore Ushev didn’t use the undo command when animating this on his computer to further replicate the medium, and he estimates that he did 12000-13000 individual drawings for the film, which took around six months. Theodore created each image for the film in Adobe Photoshop and then animated in Adobe After Effects.

“Because with linocut, once your hand carves it, it is gone. You cannot put the black back. This creates a natural feeling of the unpredictable, of mistakes and the holy imperfection of the image—which is the basis of every creation.” [1b]

On how he builds up each frame:

“What’s unique about this technique is that you don’t animate characters — you animate the colors, sometimes three, sometimes four,” he said. “And you animate by separating every color and after that you have to print them digitally, and I found a small algorithm that superimposes the layers so they look like they’re printed by hand. And this algorithm constantly moves the colors and every frame is like a unique print.” [1a]

I really like the look of the animation, with the darker more natural colour palette that the film maker used. Browns, Oranges, reds and greens are predominantly used through the animation. Colour is used for the eyes to highlight them once they are the focus of the story, but the characters are mostly black and stand out from the background that way. The film starts out in an old tv square shape 4:3, with black edges cutting off the screen, but opens up to full screen when we the audience see through the main characters eyes. The story is like a folktale, a story your grandfather would tell to all the children gathered round on a rainy day. It even has a moral about living in the moment and experiencing life for what it is now. It s a truly beautiful film but also a sad one, with the main character being unable to experience the world that is all around her, only seeing the past and the future, which isolates her from the world.

It’s a fairy tale for kids from 9-99 (years old). It won the Kid’s Jury Award [Junior Jury Award for a Short Film] at Annecy. Six kids from 9-11 (years old) judged it. Friends and colleagues were asking me, “Do you really think this is a kid’s film?” The Annecy win was a complete surprise because, actually, it’s not a kid’s film. But listening to the kids explain how they felt about the film made me so happy.

My explanation is very simple. We don’t have to let nostalgia for the past and fear of the future spoil the pleasure of living right now. That’s it. We need to live now. We can analyze the past, we can guess the future, literally, based on mistakes of the past, but we can’t forget the it’s the present that counts for everything.

-Theodore Ushev [1b]

Something that i thought was interesting from the interview, was how Theodore compares this new animation to his other work.

To me, good abstract films are the ultimate pieces of art. But of course, not everyone is prepared to like these types of films. But to make a good abstract film that people understand, even though they never understand it completely, they still feel it, because with the art it’s always a question of feelings and emotions. For me, the narrative form is much easier. Because every storyteller can tell a story.

-Theodore Ushev

* * * *


Borrowed Time – Lou Hamou-Lhadj & Andrew Coats

This is a simply stunning 3D animated film with a deeply powerful story.

A weathered Sheriff returns to the remains of an accident he has spent a lifetime trying to forget. With each step forward, the memories come flooding back. Faced with his mistake once again, he must find the strength to carry on. [2a]

There were skillsets Andrew and I had almost no experience in at the time. By the end of the film, we had to touch a little bit of everything. On the back end of the pipeline —  shading work, lighting, effects, rendering — we needed key players to help us out. But I think outside of that, we relied on outside people for objectivity. After three years of toiling on a film late at night, you can quickly lose sight of what you’re making. We’d grab people and say “Can you give us a fresh pair of eyes on this?” We relied on that as much as feet on the ground. [2b]

The film deals with an incredible dark subject matter, the death of a loved one. And in such traumatic and tragic circumstances. The main character doesn’t get a happy ending, he gets a hopeful ending, which i think is more powerful than some kind of happy resolution (like a new loved one replacement, which happens all too much in storytelling because audiences don’t like to think of people being alone and having lost things. Stories don’t feel over unless you have a satisfying resolution, but really this way of ending the story is much more impactful and thought-provoking. There is no right way to deal with grief, and it’s such a tough subject to deal with at all, I think the filmmakers made a film which reflects the difficult nature of death and coming to terms with your own actions in a cruel world. This character faces his demons and in the end he fights to carry on, even with his dark memories, his guilt. But he does not forget all the positive memories that he has as well, – not being taken over and engulfed by the bad. He will always feel somewhat responsible, but really he did everything he could, sometimes things just go horribly wrong. It basically a little adrenaline rush film, which gets your heart pumping and your mind running as things play out before you.

We wanted it to have a hopeful upturn and regardless of the events in the film, they’re not completely downtrodden. Our character doesn’t have to be completely fixed, we can put him on a path. There are many steps ahead to get him where he needs to go.
Placing them on that trajectory is what we tried to keep in mind.

If you wrap it all up at the end, that’s just dishonest and it would come across as cliche. [2c]

The Pixar animators that made this used all their skills, industry knowledge and talented friends to make this film happen over five years in their spare time. The film looks faultless. Visually its a masterpiece. The textures of the skin, the clothes, the environment, everything is just so beautiful. There are so many thoughtful details and it really comes alive on the screen.

For the sound they tried some spaghetti western stuff, but it all felt wrong. That’s when they discovered the soundtrack from the video game The Last of Us and composer Gustavo Santaolalla.

We responded to Gustavo’s tone, the soundscape he can build.There’s a lot of interplay between silence and musical notes. It creates a lot of atmosphere in his work, and that’s exactly the kind of contemplative space that we wanted people to live in while they were watching this. [2b]

This film is for a mature audience, as it deals with adult themes, but i think teenagers could also handle the dark themes and watch this film. The high production value would attract anyone to watch this film, and it lives up to the standard that Pixar work is known for around the world. The mans death is similar to Mufasa’s in the lion king in the sense that you don’t see the actual death blow, there’s no gore or anything. But the theme is dark and difficult.

* * * *

Pearl – Patrick Osborne

Use your mouse to look around the animation!

When i first watch this amazing animation i didn’t realise you could look around it! That didn’t matter as it was still a beautiful animation and that didn’t ruin my enjoyment of it. But when i realised i could look around it really blew my mind a bit. i’m not new to 3D 360 degree videos, but this is probably my first animated video outside of gaming, that i can move around in. It really changes your relationship with the video, and allows you to focus on different parts as you re-watch it over and over to see new things each re-watch. I think this is something that could be used a lot more in the future as video is shared on the internet and people can take control of the view. Really cool stuff! I wish i had vr (virtual reality) stuff so that i could try it out, as i’m sure that’s where this would really excel.

The father sings the first half and the daughter sings the second, mirroring how the car is passed from one to the other as is youth. It’s a beautiful film, and a lovely song.

The original song, “No Wrong Way Home,” was written by Alexis Harte & JJ Wiesler [3a] and the music was performed by Kelley Stoltz and Nicki Bluhm [3b]

Bit annoying how reckless they are when driving, just playing the guitar when they should be LOOKING WHERE THEY’RE GOING AND HOLDING THE GOSH DANG WHEEL!! I was half expecting this animation to end in a terrible car crash tbh, but i’m glad it went the more soppy happy way instead.

Full video:

The 3D cartoon no-line block style used through out works really well and looks great. I think this film is accessible to all audiences. The message is fairly timeless, “it’s about where you belong, there’s no wrong way home” – family. Being with the ones you love. The story follows a father and his daughter and ends up making you cry. This single dad basically brings up his daughter his way, travelling a lot, busking and singing. He settles down, for her i think, and raises her right. Then she goes on to take up singing and fulfilling his dreams, and it’s kind of beautiful. I think it’s the sort of film that all audiences would enjoy, especially humans.

* * * *

Feast – Patrick Osborne

I love this film, even though it came out in 2014 I don’t think I’ve shared it on this blog before. The story of a dog who loves food who is adopted by a guy who drops a french fry. The guy feeds the dog pizza and junk food until he meets a vegetarian girl, and things are not so great. but then they break up and its junk food again! But something is wrong. The dog sacrifices his food love so that his human can be happy, and in the end he is rewarded! Not just with a loving home, but with more junk food! It’s great!

It has this hand drawn 3D animation style, the characters and environment feature a line-free style with solid blocks of colour.

What’s special is then, when we do unlock the camera, it’s also the first moment when Winston looks up from the food and sees the owner’s face. And we want you to believe that for years they have had this very close relationship but he had never looked in the owner’s face deeply because it was all about the food. And suddenly to look and see what his owner is feeling and to care; we wanted that to feel different. So, we did that by: you see the face, we unlock the camera; the dog makes a choice — for the first time — to walk away from food and to go do something for his owner — we want you to feel that cinematically. It’s a big shift. [4]

This short film was made by Disney, Kristina Reed talks more about how they achieved the visual look:

Well, we were actually the first short — the first production — to use Hyperion, which was the rendering tool used on Big Hero 6. It was also the first time that Meander, the drawing tool from Paperman, was used in color.

Why a boston terrier? The first reason is because it’s a new dog for Disney, not an easy feat.

Another very pragmatic reason is that it’s a very flat rendering style. You can’t always see the volumes of the dog as he’s turning so we needed a pattern on his face so that you would know as he looked around, you could see what he was doing. [4]

This is a film accessible to all audiences. I think the target audience would be dog lovers, families, children. it was released with Big Hero six, a kids action adventure film, so it was shown to those audiences at the cinema. It is a cute little story, and would resonate especially with dog owners.

* * * *


[1a] http://www.indiewire.com/2017/01/blind-vaysha-theodore-ushev-short-1201776201/

[1b] https://www.awn.com/animationworld/past-and-future-torment-present-theodore-ushev-s-blind-vaysha

[2a] http://borrowedtimeshort.com/

[2b] https://www.theverge.com/2016/10/20/13339132/pixar-co-op-program-borrowed-time-interview-animators-writers

[2c] http://www.awardsdaily.com/2017/02/18/interview-andrew-coats-lou-hamou-lhadj-talk-exploring-guilt-borrowed-time/

[3a] http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/behind-screen/patrick-osborne-s-animated-short-pearl-brings-virtual-reality-oscar-discussion-949624

[3b] http://www.passion-pictures.com/uk/animation-studios/project/google-pearl/

[4] https://www.awn.com/animationworld/chat-kristina-reed-creating-winston-and-disney-s-feast

O Menino e o Mundo – Boy and the World


An absolute masterpiece!

A uniquely beautiful film, the incredible story follows a child’s journey from their point of view, as their family is torn apart by the increasingly gigantic ever-changing world around them. The boy travels through various changing landscapes as he gets closer to the big industrialised city, along the way he meets many interesting people from different walks of life. There is a deeper moral story that asks questions about the implications of industrialisation, and all this without any dialogue at all. The young child that we follow around on this grand adventure doesn’t have a mouth most of the time!

He doesn’t even have a name (although press materials refer to him as Cuca) and doesn’t really speak so much as giggle, and the limited dialogue that does exist in Brazilian writer-director Ale Abreu’s film consists of meager sprinklings of gibberish.


This movie really is all about getting lost in a really interesting world at a really interesting time. It says a lot without saying very much and is utterly beautiful at times. Below are some still from the movie, because it’s just so stunning and you get to see some of the movie’s range. Its one of the most colourful movies I’ve probably ever seen, and although the style is simple, it feel so real and alive.








I’ve added the following review in an effort to convince whoever see’s this blog and hasn’t seen the movie and is still not sure it’s their sort of thing to FIND AND WATCH THIS MOVIE!!

“The best animated film of the year!”
“Utterly lyrical, visually captivating, musically driven and extraordinarily sophisticated…
a multicolored tapestry of endless ambition
that stimulates our intellect and embraces our hearts!”
– IndieWire


The animation is a mixture of hand-drawn, painting, digital and cut-out collage. The result is a rich, textured visual world, you could pause at any moment and you would have a beautiful image worthy of framing, or at least hanging on your fridge anyway. Which brings me around to the child-like style, sometimes you really feel like you are viewing the world through this child’s eyes. The train is smoking a pipe, the cranes in the city look like dinosaurs. It’s touches like these that really engage you the whole way through, and shows just how thoughtful this movie can be at times.

Luckily i found some character sheets and drawings made for the film which are below!boy18boy17boy14

One of my favourite things in the movie was the way that some music was portrayed visually. The father plays his pipe music to the child and we can see the notes come out and float around in the air, the child even tries to capture the sounds in a can and save them for later, and it adorably works! It just brings the music alive even more and is used to show the audience how the boy interacts with the music, and in many ways how meaningful it is to him. It just adds something to the film that makes you feel more engaged by the action. boy12boy13

The people did look a little bit skeleton-ish at times though, and i wondered if they were supposed to look fraught and a bit diminished. It wouldn’t surprise me if it was an intentional decision, this movie is not subtle with its messages against modernisation, as the heavily policed and controlled world seems full of turmoil and struggle, which ultimately seems inevitable in a global society. And you’re left wondering exactly what kind of world you live in right now, making things a wee bit depressing actually.. But it also shows a more hopeful vision of people coming together with music and dancing, and along the way we see strangers helping our little main character in different ways, so its not completely doom and gloom.bou11


There are a few more images from where i sourced these here – http://www.cartoonbrew.com/sponsored-by-gkids/exclusive-character-design-gallery-boy-world-opening-today-la-nyc-125792.html

I really liked the design of the train. This noisy winding mechanical creature that comes and like a monster steals his father away from the family, with no idea when it will return or even if it will bring his father back.  It reminded me a bit of Monty Python Terry Gilliam esque animation, not just with the train.



I cannot recommend this movie enough, its just a really fantastic thing that you need to see and experience.


Some Animated Music Videos 

Music videos and Animation go really great together. Here’s a quick history recap:

Animations take a long time to produce, so short films are ideal. Animators have to get good at telling interesting and immersive stories in a short amount of time, because producing longer works is often not possible; and you want to make what you do produce count. 

Music and animation go together great so here’s some cool animated Music Videos I’ve seen recently that I think you really should watch/listen to! 





Caravan Palace – Lone Digger 

This kicks Butt! The animal-humans are really cool and the lighting in the film is amazing! When the zebra waitress is back-lit and the crocodiles are under that purple lighting. The colour choices were great, and the action was really gripping and intense. The way the blood was animated was so realistic, it was surprising actually that the blood kind of takes you by surprise. Even though you know somethings going down between the cats and dogs, the actual fighting escalates really quickly, and the buildup is really suspenseful.

kids and Explosions – Swear Words

Is this a song? Seriously though this animation shows how effective a few repeated animations cut together to music can be. It’s not a complicated topic or film, but it increases tempo and manages to stay fresh throughout the video even while showing some of the same stuff over and over.

Flairs – Truckers Delight 

This is just mad. The pixel animation is great though, and the game theme is just fantastic.  The characters don’t seem like they should fit together in the same universe, yet they somehow work really well because they are like caricatures. The characters are stereotypical, the ugly short disgusting trucker character is shown as totally sex obsessed and rude and the typical thinking-with-his-dong man. Total chauvinist. The woman is presented as a typical blond, tall, red lipstick wearing red-sports car driving and shes young. She’s much taller than the trucker character and more defined – the trucker is a simpler pixel design. This video goes as far as you think is possible then exceeds that. You’re just sat there watching thinking, wow ok so they went there, but they’re surely not going to… Aaaaand they have no chill.

Stuck in the sound – Let’s Go

The animation is awesome here, and the story that is told ends up being huge. I really like how emotional it is, and sometimes fits so beautifully with the music. So much happens in such a short amount of time, and you really feel what the main character is going through. Really emotional piece dealing with some heavy stuff, it’s incredible what can be achieved in a few minutes with animation.

Fever the Ghost – Source 

Animated by Felix Colgrave I think. I really like the two cute dancers, especially the bit when one lifts the other, but falls down. It’s probably got to be the most adorable thing I’ve ever seen. The world they create is so fantastical yet still holds together as everything seems to happen for a reason and the dragon goes back to the house he came out of in the beginning at the end and closes the door. It’s a lot of fun with some really interesting characters.

Concorde – Sons

Powerful stuff. Beautiful drawn black and white animation, really cool style to the characters. The story is a roller-coaster of emotions, which the main character and her younger self portray amazingly well. You can see completely from the expressions she has on her face to her body language. Even though she never says it, it’s clear from how well the story is told that she was overweight when she was younger. Now she’s older and really slim and fit, after working ng hard using determination fuelled by something that looks like anger or hate when she’s working out. She seems to be angry even before the guy friends her on Facebook. He is someone from her past that she seemed to like, and he liked her, but her insecurities put a barrier between them. Now that she’s over the insecurities things will all work out right? It turns out that she handles things poorly now she’s so confident and it doesn’t end well. And we’re left on the toilet floor just like the character wondering how we got here and how it could have gone so different but didn’t. Dang.

Lorn – Anvil

This is some seriously incredible mesmerising animation, really cool style. Made by Geriko, the Franco-Belgian creative duo of Hélène Jeudy and Antoine Caëcke. The animation is a mixture of digital 2D, 3D, and traditional animation. The viewer is transported to a black and white sci-fi futurworld via a woman who plugs herself into some chair machine – which looks super painful and uncomfortable, although also sensual and kind of sexy.. It’s a confusing mix but it works really well for the video. The world is beautiful and complicated and immersive, it really draws the viewer into this strange place and you want to explore it as much as possible but there’s not enough time.

Inspired by Japanese and Belgian comics, the animation is eerie in a futuristic monochrome world. Set in the year 2100, the music video interprets the title of Anvil as a postmortem social network mandatory to all “in an effort to combat overpopulation”.

Musician Lorn gave the duo complete free reign: “He allowed us to choose one track from his latest album and gave us full creative freedom to explore and develop bot the narrative and the aesthetic of the piece. It was a great privilege to be awarded so much trust and creative licence by an artist we deeply admire,” Geriko explains.

Influenced by conversations between Hélène and Antoine “about social networks and connectivity in day to day life, we laid the foundation for our story”. Built from the pairs’ individual illustration work, alongside “sprinkled references of works we love such as Akira by Katsuhiro Ôtomo and a nod to Irene Cassini, a character in Andrew Niccol’s Gattaca”  [1]

[1] www.itsnicethat.com/articles/geriko-lorn-animation-200916


I just watched a short animation by a French guy called Frédéric Doazan. Some people may consider the content to be disturbing, and I mean it is disturbing, but that’s kind of the point. It’s a short animation about plastic surgery, here it is anyway:

Supervenus is a gripping, brilliantly satirical, slightly twisted film about a plastic surgery nightmare that has finally been released online this week after a hugely successful festival run. A cut-out girl is manipulated by god-like hands and subjected to all kinds of enhancements to a gruesome and darkly humorous end. [1]

In an interview Frédéric talks about searching the internet for plastic surgery disasters, and finding mostly celebrities before and after disasters – featuring distorted facial features, etc. He was fascinated with the whole thing and the idea for an animation was born. After experimenting in Photoshop Frédéric made Supervenus in After Effects and ended up with more than 1300 layers; “You learn to be organised…and zen! Supervenus was made without any funding or production. From start to finish, it took me 10 months to complete it. Besides time, the film cost me only 10 euros: I just bought a few surgical tools, and a small green cardboard to make a homemade green screen in order to record my hands.” [1] The only other person to work on the project was the sound designer – Vandy Roc. The film went on to be shown at over 130 festivals worldwide. The animation style actually reminded me a bit of Terry Gilliam’s cut-out style animation, here’s why actually:

Supervenus raises questions about the standard for beauty, societal pressures to conform and be seen as beautiful, what beauty means and how it affects us. How beauty can be corrupted and warped and ultimately lost in the pursuit of perfection and how people can disregard their own well-being to look more attractive.

Some people may say the violence and gore is gratuitious and over the top, but Frédéric explains that cosmetic surgery and breast implants do lead to health problems and even death, so its coming from reality. Surgery is a serious deal, getting cut open or having something sucked out or pumped in is the reality – and it shouldn’t be shied away from.

Psychologically, well, it must be so strange to wake up after a surgery and not recognize yourself. Are you still yourself? When you practice extreme cosmetic surgery, it’s like you were totally breaking your body away from your mind. [1]

When asked whether he thinks there is hope that the cosmetic industry and crazy beauty standards will change he says probably not, the industry is too big and already targets children at a very young age, maybe if people can stop being fooled by the consumerism way of life. Whether you agree with him or not, the film sparks discussion, and showcases or maybe highlights the real-world dangers of pursuing something with a disregard for your own well-being, if in a very shocking and gratuitous way.

http://12fps.net/ is a collaborative website featuring Paul Rodrigues, Sylvain Cappelletto and Frédéric Doazan.

The goal of 12fps is to make a series of 12 animated episodes. For each episode, we pick a theme (in turn) and each of us has to make one short and one very short film about this theme. We can use any animation techniques we want. [1]

The content may be a bit weird but its worth a look in my opinion and I like the way the short animations are professionally presented and held together in these little episodes of shorts, it makes them really accessible. They are up to episode 9 out of 12 on the website at the moment and i recommend checking it out when you want to kill a few minutes.


[1] – http://www.skwigly.co.uk/frederic-doazan/

Class notes – Aesthetics [COLOUR!!!]

Start thinking about colour!

The balance of colours in the film is really important. Where does the audience look? How does the colour affect that? You have to think about where you’re trying to make the audience look – draw the eye. Colour will help draw the eye – characters standing out or not from a backgr0und for example. Lighting and other things should be considered but colour is also a very important part of it as well!

Pick your colour palette – keep it simple and don’t over complicate it!

  • Red and Green (wes anderson films) (browns and muddy reds – natural earthy colours) (amelie)
  • Orange and teal/ turquoise (used a lot in movies) (action films) (brave) (lion king)
  • Muted palettes – greys,black and whites. Washed out colours.
  • Purple and yellow


Its a pretty terrible video in many ways but these guys take a look at colour in the movies:


These guys talk about the orange/teal colour palette and its overuse in the movies at the moment. There are many movies that adopt this colour scheme – you could say it’s overused as it’s certainly used on many productions that i’ve personally seen in the past few years. They conclude that directors, etc have lost originality. (The sounds production on this video makes some of what they say hard to hear, but they do mention this topic and i couldn’t find the better video that i watched that went over the overuse of orange teal in the industry at the moment.) Anyway…


This is an image from Paranormans development/design work. The orange and teal palette is used and the orange is quite dark compared to the light teal where the character is headed to and where the audience’s eye is being drawn.

Palettes contain many colours – but there are dominant colours.


This is a movie barcode for the film Bambi. (They) take every frame from a movie, skew it to be only a pixel wide and lines them up in a row, creating a barcode-like image of the entire film. [1]

How well does the black and white skunk stand out when Bambi first meets him in the predominantly yellow flowerbed? Or Bambi’s bright orangey hue against the pale greens of the forest behind him? All these things are planned out to the most minute detail to make sure that the viewer can clearly see what is happening on screen.

They make the point that characters have to stand out from their backgrounds so that the audience can see whats going on easily and follow the story without problems.




Finding Nemo



These barcodes are fascinating, and can give us some idea of colour – but studying the colour palettes of movies, like the ones below, may give more insight…

[1] http://www.cartoonbrew.com/ideas-commentary/movie-barcode-compresses-entire-movies-into-a-single-image-84607.html

Movie Colour Palettes:

Spirited Away – Studio Ghibli (Japanese animation) This animation has a pretty equal range of darker to lighter colours. It has a red/blue colour palette.


A scene from Monsters inc (Orange and teal/turquoise/green are the main colours here – the characters stand out against the orange background.


Ponyo – Another Studio ghibli movie. seems to be a very light film – not as much contrast. The reddy/pink against the greeny/blue is the main colour palette.


UP – Pixar

There are a lot of resources online at http://livlily.blogspot.co.uk/ for movie production art, etc. here’s is some colour stuff from the movie Up.


I could lose myself forever looking at this stuff, here’s a couple more images from movies, colour references for artists that are made before they begin making the film..



How to train your dragon:

color httud.jpg


Mary Blair – worked on Alice in wonderland, Sleeping beauty – she was an original disney background artist and produced some amazing work in the films and the theme park (disneyland).


Animator Marc Davis, who put Blair’s exciting use of color on a par with Henri Matisse, recalled, “She brought modern art to Walt in a way that no one else did. He was so excited about her work.” [2]


She knew how to use colour and space to the maximum effect when creating art.

“Mary Blair was a fine art water colorist. She had this real classical background to her work so that when she did the fantasy she had a sophistication to her work that belied the naiveté of the work itself. Her work is often called ‘childlike’ but the technique behind it is anything but,”  said Canemaker. [3]

John Canemaker was professor and head of animation at New York University Tisch School of the Arts and was the author of ‘The Art and Flair of Mary Blair.’

He also talks about the fact that Mary was a concept artist, her job was to make what the writers came up with into something real. To create the visual world for the story, the characters, world, backgrounds, colours, everything!

i’m sure she did’nt work alone but her influence is clear in the films she worked on.

The director of Monsters inc says that before every time they start a project they look at Mary Blair stuff to inspire them.

They look at her for ideas for color, shape, designs, and imaginative possibilities. She’s still a big influence on children’s book illustrators. Many of them admire her so much and they still consider her an inspiration. She’s, in fact, almost bigger than she ever was when she was alive.” [3]


Google did a search bar to commemorate Mary and her work, so millions of people around the world would have seen that.

She was also a children’s illustrator and even though you might not realise it, she probably worked on something you grew up watching or reading, and something you loved. She is a familiar style, even if you didn’t know it!


[2] http://waltdisney.org/exhibitions/magic-color-flair-world-mary-blair

[3] http://www.scpr.org/programs/take-two/2015/03/12/41829/mary-blair-the-artistic-force-behind-disney-s-cind/?slide=10



Eyvind Earle – Eyvind Earle was an American artist, author and illustrator, noted for his contribution to the background illustration and styling of Disney animated films in the 1950s.

He has a really iconic style as well, and produced some incredible landscapes during his lifetime. His work can reach such a grand scale and can seem so huge – and his use of space is obviously great.



Self-narrated biographical videos, from childhood to disney work and beyond – featuring his artwork (in three parts):

I believe it is our cosmic destiny that we are miniature suns. We follow in the footsteps of god. We are creators, art is creating. So much does the beauty and truth in our work manifest. Art is the search for truth. Art is another word for life and life is infinite.

Website – http://www.eyvindearle.com/TheWork.aspx


‘The Renter’ – John Carpenter (website: http://www.jason-carpenter.com/)

The colour used in this film is really interesting – it’s dark and the film is a bit disturbing and moody – it sets a feeling throughout the film. The child is afraid, i think, and sees everything going wrong even when it isn’t, although to be fair they probably witnessed their first chicken murder so its not surprising they were a little affected by it. Being in a weird new place with strange untalkative people wouldn’t help either.

The opening shot of this film is beautiful. We are a passenger in a car, looking out the window. We see trees pass by and what might be a lorry – the art style hints at shapes and as the car is moving fast the objects outside are already blurry and more formless. The clouds and reflections of light work really well and the scene draws us into the animation.

So this animation has a muted colour palette and also a messy unfinished style. At one point the cloud has been drawn in full and you see it through the wall – it’s over the top of the inside wall somehow – defying physics – but still working and looking great!! I noticed it and yet it never affected my enjoyment of the video.

Lots of darkness in this film, and black is used throughout.

Matthew Walker – ‘John and Karen’

A short animation about a polar bear apologising to his penguin love interest. It has a muted colour palette. Its a good animation to look at when thinking about my ideas for the internal monologue animation – with a range of emotional responses, some very subtle and brilliant. The penguin will not let the polar bear apologie easily – he must go into it and explain things until she is satisfied he is actually sorry/remorseful.

I’m a monster – red/blue and orange/green are used in this animation. the orange monster standing out against the blue/green backgrounds. The shadows are blue and the light is orange.